Pneumatic Nail Gun Safety
Nail guns drive nails and staples into building materials. Injuries or
fatalities can result from improper use. This tool is an important part of the construction and manufacturing
industries but used incorrectly or haphazardly and it can become a nightmare. Give this tool the respect it
and coworkers are at risk. Eyes, hands and fingers are especially at risk. Nails can:
or blow out fragments from the material.
the back of the material.
completely through the material and strike workers behind the nailing surface.
contact hazards, such as nails striking electrical wires.
Common Tool Types
Require nose (workpiece contact) to be
depressed before the trigger is pulled.
sequence makes accidental firing less likely.
- Can be
used for most nailing tasks.
Contact tools: Tool fires anytime the trigger and nose (workpiece
contact) are both depressed.
can be held down to allow "bump firing".
- Use for
nailing on flat surfaces.
trigger is depressed, the tool will fire anytime the nose is depressed; it can also cause unwanted double firing
Safe Work Practices and PPE
manufacturer's tool labels and operating manual.
safety glasses with side shields.
defeat or modify safety features.
fingers away from trigger when not driving nails.
- Sequential tools have reduced risk of
accidental and double firing.
line of fire hazards in front of and behind material; position yourself (especially your free hand) out of
the line of fire. Never point nail gun at anyone. Watch for coworkers behind the nailing surface.
- Disconnect the gun to perform
maintenance, move to another work area, or clear jams.
- Train on
safe operating procedures, proper body placement and correct PPE use.
NOTE: The tool must meet
applicable OSHA guarding standards.