Emergency Oxygen Administration
Life threatening medical emergencies are usually accompanied by low tissue oxygen
levels (not enough oxygen to tissue and organs). If this progresses, the brain will begin to die first, with
other organs following. Additionally, low oxygen levels to the heart may lead to respiratory arrest (
breathing stops), cardiac arrest (heart stops) and eventually irreversible brain damage.
Supplemental oxygen is a critical step in treating a severe or life-threatening illness or
Emergency oxygen administration to a breathing victim
may PREVENT deterioration of the victim's condition that could lead to respiratory and/or cardiac arrest. You
won't have to work so hard doing CPR and the
victim will be most grateful!
When we inhale, we breath
approximately 21% oxygen from the atmosphere, normally we use about 5% of that oxygen in respiration. When we
exhale, 16% (the unused portion of oxygen) leaves our lungs through our airway. This unused portion of oxygen can
be used for rescue breathing.
In OSHA’s Confined Space Standard, any
oxygen level below 19.5% is considered an oxygen deficient atmosphere and an air supplied respirator must be used.
Doesn't it make sense that a higher oxygen concentration during rescue breathing would get better results?
When emergency oxygen is used with rescue breathing, the provider is
administering 50% to 100% oxygen when it is needed most.
administration quick facts
An injured or ill person can benefit
greatly from receiving air with a higher oxygen concentration. Without adequate oxygen, hypoxia, a condition in which insufficient
oxygen reaches the cells, will occur.
Signs and symptoms of hypoxia include
Increased breathing and heart rate.
Changes in level of consciousness.
Cyanosis (bluish lips and nail beds).
Always provide emergency oxygen to a victim having
difficulty breathing if it is available & you are trained to use it.
Emergency oxygen should be considered if
An adult is breathing fewer than 12 breaths per
minute or more than 20 breaths per minute.
A child is breathing fewer than 15 breaths per
minute or more than 30 breaths per minute.
An infant is breathing fewer than 25 breaths per
minute or more than 50 breaths per minute.